Zamfara Journal of Politics and Development <p><strong>Zamfara Journal of Politics and Development </strong>is a Bi-annual double-blind peer-reviewed and research driven journal devoted to providing intellectual platform for the dissemination of empirical and critical research in the areas of Political Science, Political Theory, Political Economy, Development Studies, Comparative Politics, Public Policy, International Relations, Security and Strategic Studies and other related areas. The Journal is a Publication of the Department of Political Science, Federal University Gusau, Zamfara State, Nigeria.</p> en-US Zamfara Journal of Politics and Development 2756-6668 <p>Authors retain the copyright of their manuscripts, and all Open Access articles are distributed under the terms of the <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.</p> INTERNATIONAL SECURITY AND THE CHANGING ROLE OF STATES IN THE GLOBAL SYSTEM <p>This paper examines the shifting landscape of international security and how state roles have evolved in response to these changes. States now face an interconnected and interdependent security environment that requires cooperation and coordination beyond national boundaries.&nbsp; The paper also highlights how state power and influence in the global system have been redefined in the recent time. While states remain important actors, their dominance has been challenged by the rise of non-state actors, such as multinational corporations, non-governmental organizations, and transnational criminal networks, who have the ability to impact international security dynamics. Relying on secondary source of data as a veritable means of data collection, the paperadopted the theory of constructivism as its theoretical underpinning in explaining international security and the changing roles of states in the global system.&nbsp; The paper found amongst others, that the complex interplay of geopolitical shifts, emerging technologies, regional dynamics, and global trends has reshaped the traditional notions of state sovereignty and security. It’s also found out that the international security challenge is of course, multifaceted in nature.&nbsp; Based on the findings above, the paper recommended as thus; the need to conduct an In-Depth Analysis of Geopolitical Shifts of the current and anticipated geopolitical shifts in future, including changes in power dynamics among states, regional dynamics, and global trends and also, the need to adopt aholistic approach to address the multifaceted nature of the international security challenges associated with diplomacy, multilateralism, responsible use of technology as a sure ways to international peace, order and stability.</p> MOHAMMED ADAMU M.A OGAH A. IBRAHIM Copyright (c) 2023 Author(s) 2024-01-26 2024-01-26 4 3 1 14 ECONOMIC CRIME AND NATIONAL SECURITY IN NIGERIAS FOURTH REPUBLIC: AN APPRAISAL <p>&nbsp; &nbsp;</p> ABUBAKAR AHMED ABUBAKAR SALISU CHARANCI Copyright (c) 2023 Author(s) 2024-01-26 2024-01-26 4 3 15 34 NEW MEDIAS, YOUTHS AND PARTICIPATORY POLITICS: AN EXPLORATION OF UMMARU MUSA YARADUA UNIVERSITY, KATSINA STATE <p>&nbsp; &nbsp;</p> ABUBAKAR AHMED KABIR UMAR Copyright (c) 2023 Author(s) 2024-01-26 2024-01-26 4 3 35 48 PARTY-POLITICS, DEMOCRATIC CONSOLIDATION AND GOOD GOVERNANCE IN NIGERIA <p class="Abstract"><span lang="EN-CA">This paper titles “Party politics, democratic consolidation and good governance in Nigeria”. The paper was aimed at examining the nature of African politics and governance and specifically Nigeria’s political development looking at the pre-colonial, colonial and post-colonial experiences. Again, the paper also attempted to analyse the impacts and consequences of deviation from the actual democratic principles, tenets, traditions and values which underpinned sustainable democracy and democratic consolidation in Nigeria in particular, and Africa in general. The paper used secondary source of data collection that includes published works of scholars and internet source. The study was based on the causal research design that linked development and democratic peace or decay. The paper adopted context dependent and perspective dependent approaches to explain the precarious party politics, democratic consolidation and good governance in Nigeria with reference to prevailing activities of political actors due to their arbitrary selfish and self-serviant prebendalism that characterised Nigeria and African politics. The paper was aimed at exploring the vicious cycles that impede internal party democracy that underscores party politics in Nigeria and further undermines democratic consolidation and good governance characterised in the current political realities in Nigeria. The paper adopted Democratic Peace Theory propounded by Immanuel Kant and further modified by Michael Doyle to explain development, peace and stability in the context of liberal or republican democratic political system of governments. The paper discovered that no effective party-politics, democratic consolidation and good governance would be achieved without realistic development in the context of peace and democratic theory. The paper recommended that human development ought to be given top priority to ensure popular legitimacy and stability despite the existing political realities such as diversities in Nigeria.</span></p> MANSIR NASIR Copyright (c) 2023 Author(s) 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 4 3 49 78 NON-STATE ACTORS AND THE MANAGEMENT OF LIBERIAN REFUGEES IN ORU-IJEBU REFUGEE CAMP IN NIGERIA, 1990-2007 <p class="Abstract"><span lang="EN-CA">This paper critically interrogates the role of the non-state actors in the management of Liberian refugees Oru-Ijebu Refugee camp in Nigeria between 1990 and 2007. Nigeria was one of major host countries of Liberian refugees in West Africa in particular and Africa in general during this period of study. The non-state actors played significant roles in the management of Liberian refugees in Oru-Ijebu refugee camp. Through effective collaboration with the Nigerian government as well as the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugee (UNHCR), the non-state actors succeeded in managing Liberian refugees in Oru-Ijebu refugee camp in Nigeria. The main non-state actors that played significant role in the management of Liberian refugees in Oru-Ijebu refugee camp in Nigeria during this period were N<span style="color: black;">igerian Red Cross Society (NRCS), Justice Development and Peace Commission (JDPC) and African Refugee Foundation (AREF). </span>These non-state actors provided necessary humanitarian assistance to the Liberian refugees who were housed in Oru-Ijebu Refugee camp in Nigeria during this period. The methodology adopted in the study was historical, thematic, qualitative and quantitative utilizing both primary and secondary sources of data collection.</span></p> OLUSESAN ADEWUNMI OSUNKOYA Copyright (c) 2023 Author(s) 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 4 3 79 103 THE THEORETICAL APPRAISAL OF GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES OF THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS (MDGS) <p>The Global world is a mixture of poverty and wealth, development and depression, exploitation and assistance that led to interdependence and extreme poverty in some societies. The economic disparity between North and South has existed for a long time. The issue is whether pragmatically it can continue much longer. This transcended to developing counties in Africa, Latin America and Asian. The Millennium Development Goals illustrates the failure of capitalism and markets which unfairly create and distribute wealth. Extreme poverty is the consequence of capitalism, and it cannot be eliminated through capitalism. The redistribution of wealth through market mechanism leads to corruption, incompetency, Lack of good governance, transparency, and accountability among recipient countries. Therefore, this paper examines global theoretical perspectives of the Millennium Development Goals. In order to achieve this, the paper relies on qualitative data generated from a desk review.</p> SHEHU USMAN SANI SHUAIBU MOHAMMED BASHIR YAHAYA Copyright (c) 2023 Author(s) 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 4 3 104 115 POLITICAL ISLAM AND STATE RECONSTRUCTION IN AFRICA <p class="Abstract"><span lang="EN-CA">Ever since the 1884/85 balkanization of Africa into Europeans spheres of influence at the now infamous Berlin conference, the state that was super imposed on Africa under colonialism, was merely inherited by the political elites rather than ensuring its transformation after flag independence. The state ever since has not and cannot work for the development of the African people. The state in Africa is often enmeshed in the crisis of legitimation. Not only does it alienate the people; it breeds violent conflicts, identity crisis, ethno-religious cleavages, social dislocation, political exclusion, wanton corruption, poverty, disease and squalor on the continent. This paper in a historical and analytical manner, examines the nature and character of the state in Africa. It observes that the state enjoys relative autonomy which makes it susceptible to imperialistic manipulations within a neo-colonial political economy. The paper argues that contrary to Western propaganda against Islam, political Islam has within its doctrine, socio-political and economic state reconstruction mechanisms that can alter the present socio-political formations in Africa for the benefit of the African people. The paper concludes that while not attempting to Islamize Africa, states on the continent can be reconstructed if the continent avails itself of alternative development paradigm within the Islamic tradition. These alternative paradigms include a more consensus orientated recruitment of state officials rather than the periodic acrimonious competitive election process, the interest-free banking system which guarantees the redistribution of social wealth in a more equitable manner and the poverty alleviation strategy which the Zakat institution offers amongst others. </span></p> DELE ASHIRU Copyright (c) 2023 Author(s) 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 4 3 116 131 CORRUPTION AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: AN APPRAISAL OF NIGERIAS FOURTH REPUBLIC <p>&nbsp; &nbsp;</p> YUSUF MOHAMMED MARYAM ABBA HABIB UMMA ISHAKU JIBRIN Copyright (c) 2023 Author(s) 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 4 3 132 145 STATE AND INDUSTRIALIZATION IN NIGERIA: THE RISE AND COLLAPSE OF ZAMFARA TEXTILE INDUSTRIES <p class="Abstract"><span lang="EN-CA">This study examined the role of the state in the industrialisation process, using the Zamfara Textile Industries Nigeria as a case study. The study becomes necessary considering the critical role of textile production in any state’s drive to economic development. Consequent upon this, the study investigated the extent to which the provision of efficient infrastructural facilities, legal and institutional framework as well as formulations of good industrial policies by the Nigerian state have led to the rise of Zamfara Textile Industry. The research also explored the extent to which problem of power supply, inadequate locally produced raw materials, manpower development, dependency on foreign technology, ineffective trade and industrial policies and low local patronage led to the collapse of Zamfara Textile industry. The framework of analysis adopted in this study is historical dialectical materialism considering the fact that the industry under study has collapsed and become a history. Both primary and secondary sources of data were used. The primary source included interview and personal observation. Key informant interview (KII) was used as the instrument of data collection. It was structurally designed to guide interface with stakeholders and other respondents deemed relevant to the study which were purposely selected. The secondary sources included documentary analysis of some literature and unpublished reports from the industry. The finding of the research revealed that the nature and character of the Nigerian state is largely responsible for the comatose status of the industrialization in the state. The study recommends for the creation and implementation of relevant policies to boot industrial development in the area.</span></p> Muhammad Shehu Copyright (c) 2023 Author(s) 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 4 3 146 164